Gum disease or periodontal disease is caused by plaque bacteria, which forms naturally on the tooth surface. Plaque bacteria can cause damage to the gums and the bone supporting the tooth. The majority of people have some form of gum disease ranging from mild to severe.
Healthy teeth rely on healthy gums for support. Gum disease causes sensitivity, pain, bleeding gums, puffy gums, infection and eventually loss of teeth. More teeth are lost through gum disease than through tooth decay.
As for many health conditions, the best treatment for periodontal issues is prevention and early intervention. For patients that are at higher risk of developing gum disease it is vital to be seen by a dental professional on a regular basis. Depending on the severity of your situation, we usually recommend check-ups every 3 or 6 months. If required – the patient will be referred to see a periodontist (gum disease specialist).
As gum disease is caused by plaque and tartar build-up, the very first step on the road to healthy gums is to have a periodontal deep cleaning or root planing. The procedure itself is similar to the regular hygiene treatments but in this case the tooth roots are also cleaned under the gums. The treatment is done under local anaesthesia therefore you shall not expect any pain; however tooth sensitivity is normal in the first few days after the treatment.
You may need periodontal treatment if
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